These eye diseases usually occur as a result of normal aging, but you
can stay ahead of them by: 1) having regular eye exams and 2) calling your eye care professional immediately if you notice the warning signs below.
|What it is||Your risk is greater
if you are...
|Age-related macular degeneration (AMD)|
Damage to the macula (the center of the retina) that results in poor central vision—just what you need to see objects clearly and do things like reading and driving.
|...a smoker or have a family member with AMD.||You have blurred vision, or straight lines start to look crooked.|
There are several types, but the most common form is open-angle glaucoma—a chronic condition, usually caused by high internal eye pressure, that damages the optic nerve.
|...an African American or have a family member with glaucoma.||
Trouble with your peripheral (side) vision. By the time vision loss is noticed, however, the optic nerve is already damaged. Having regular eye exams is the best way to catch glaucoma early.
|The lens of your eye (the part that helps to focus an image on the retina) grows cloudy, causing blurry vision.||...age 50 or older, smoke, have a history of excessive sun exposure or have certain medical conditions (e.g., diabetes).||Blurry vision, colors seem faded, or your vision has a brownish tint or is hazy, particularly in glaring light.|