What Are The Risk Factors for Heart Valve Disease?
Your age: Heart valve disease most commonly affects older people. As we age, our heart valves may become lined with calcium deposits that cause valve flaps to thicken; this usually begins after age 60, but symptoms often don’t appear until ages 70 or 80.
Your gender: Aortic stenosis and aortic regurgitation affect more men than women; mitral valve problems occur more often in women than men.
Heart problems, such as a high blood pressure, high cholesterol, heart attack, heart failure and arrhythmia (irregular heartbeat) can increase your likelihood for developing valve problems.
Rheumatic fever in childhood, caused by a bacterial infection that can affect the heart, is the most common risk factor for mitral stenosis.
Genetics: Some types of heart valve disease, such as mitral valve disease, tend to run in families.