Terms you need to know

Keep this glossary handy so you can refer to it while managing your heart valve disease.

By
Health Monitor Staff
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Angioplasty: A procedure that uses a tiny balloon to help open a narrowed or hardened blood vessel.

Aortic valve: One of the four heart valves; it helps blood flow to your aortic artery, which sends it to the rest of your body.

Atrioventricular valve: One of the two types of heart valve that control the flow of blood in the heart. They make the “heartbeat” sound you hear as they open and close.

Atrium: The two upper chambers of the heart.

Bileaflet valve: A type of artificial heart valve.

Calcification: When calcium deposits build up on heart valves, making them work improperly.

Diastole: The period when the heart muscle relaxes between contractions.

Echocardiogram: A test that uses sound waves to produce an image of your heart.

Electrocardiogram: A painless test that shows how quickly, strongly and regularly your heart is beating. 

Fibrillation: A rapid or irregular heartbeat.

Mitral valve: One of the four heart valves; it separates the left atrium from the left ventricle.

Myocardial infarction: A heart attack.

Pulmonary valve: One of the four heart valves; it helps blood flow to your pulmonary artery, which sends it to the rest of your body.

Systole: The part of the heartbeat when the heart contracts.

Tricuspid valve: One of the four heart valves; it separates the right atrium from the right ventricle.

Ventricle: The lower two chambers of the heart.

Published
October 2014